How the Practice of Gift Wrapping Started

How the Practice of Gift Wrapping Started

How the Practice of Gift Wrapping Started

The act of giving gifts to our loved ones is probably as old as love itself. The tradition of giving gifts can be traced back to many ancient cultures celebrating various holidays. For many, the best part of giving gifts is the expression of anticipation and curiosity the recipient displays as they wonder at the contents of the wrapping.

But have you ever wondered how the practice of gift wrapping started? When did humans in past generations begin to think that it would be beneficial to encapsulate an offering in a fancy casing?

● 100 AD – Gift wraps owes much of its history to the invention of paper in China. However, the Chinese kept the paper-making process a secret until the process was uncovered by the Egyptians in 800 AD. The paper-making process spread to England in 1085 where the first paper mill started.

● 1509 – England produced the first wallpaper, making it the first forerunner of gift wraps. However, they are used briefly because they cracked and tore easily when folded.

How the Practice of Gift Wrapping Started

● 1745 – Plain brown wrapping paper, known as the “Shop-Paper” was used to wrap goods and gifts.

● 1804 – Christmas gifts were first advertised in America.

● 1823 – A Visit from St. Nicholas, also known as “T’was the Night before Christmas” was first released and published. It showed St. Nicholas filling stockings hanging by the chimney with toys for children. However, it does not mention wrapped presents under the tree.

● 1837-1901 (Victorian Period) – Among the popular patterns used in Victorian wrapping papers were cherubs, birds, and flowers, which is similar to this era’s Christmas cards. Gifts were also ornamented with laces and ribbons. Decorated boxes, loose bags, and coronets with images of angels, holly boughs, and other seasonal decorations.

● 1857 – Toilet tissue was introduced to the world by Joseph Gayetty, which soon brought forth the invention of tissue paper. Tissue paper was used by Ebenezer Butterick in 1863 for his newly invented graded sewing patterns. Soon after, tissue paper was used for gift-wrapping.

● 1912 – With the popularity of moisture-proof cellophane, people began using to wrap gifts, either alone or in combination with regular paper.

How the Practice of Gift Wrapping Started

● 1917 – Modern gift-wrap was invented by siblings Joyce Clyde Hall and Rollie Hall in their Kansas City, MO store. However, during the peak of the holiday season, the store ran out of solid-colored gift dressing and began using French envelope liners to substitute gift wrapping papers. Since it sold so well, they started to produce and print their own wrapping presents.

● 1930-40s – The Art Deco era influenced the style and design of wrapping papers. Snowflakes, ice skaters, Christmas trees, and candles are among the most popular patterns in this period.

● 1950s-60s – The patterns printed on wrapping papers became more realistic.

How the Practice of Gift Wrapping Started

With the holiday season fast approaching, it is never too early to go early gift shopping and wrapping. Don’t settle for presenting your gifts to your loved ones in plain nondescript boxes. Though you can find various supplies of good quality cardboard in Toronto (whether by Hammond Paper, A Box Broker Inc., or other paperboard companies), wrapping them can tell the recipient that you were willing to take the extra step of making it look presentable.

Timeline of Toronto’s 50 Years of Condominium Growth

Timeline of Toronto’s 50 Years of Condominium Growth

Condominiums have become an increasingly popular choice when it comes to real estate property options in Toronto. With its amazing amenities and facilities, these tower-of-glass buildings have enticed the new more urban generation. The shift in lifestyle preference plays an essential factor in the younger generation’s choice of living. Condominiums located in prime Toronto spots offer easy access to transits and shopping centres. These factors have radically remade the entire neighbourhood in Toronto in the last five decades.

Let us take a look at how Toronto has adapted to the changing housing market and transformed:


Timeline of Toronto’s 50 Years of Condominium Growth
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It was in 1967 when owning a condominium suite was made legally possible. Residents were required to pay for condo maintenance; but in the late 1960s, the government abolished the maintenance fees as a solution to the crisis in affordable housing.


Timeline of Toronto’s 50 Years of Condominium Growth
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11,697 units added

With the prices of single-family houses steadily rising, high-rise condominiums were seen as a solution for affordable homes, which was greatly embraced by the government and young couples who could not afford to purchase property.

However, the emergence of complaints about sleazy construction and overabundance of units made condos unappealing to potential buyers in the late 1970s. This resulted in the abrupt drop in sales in the mid-decade and prompted the promoters to try new gimmicks to attract buyers. In 1973, mayor David Crombie and reformers on council prompted a two-year moratorium on new condominium buildings that are over 45 feet as a solution to the embroiling battle over blockbusting and high-rise development.


Timeline of Toronto’s 50 Years of Condominium Growth
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30,881 units added

With the wave of new luxury condos in Toronto, demand soon returned. In January 1981, the Globe reported that vacant lots throughout downtown Toronto began “sprouting condominiums” and that one building sold out as soon as one it appeared, immediately followed by an announcement of a new project.

Palace Pier and Harbour Square become the forerunners of luxury condominiums in the 1970s. Olympia & York’s Queen’s Quay was completed in 1983. However, in the mid-decade, controversies of the Harbourfront erupted because the building was built higher than expected in defiance of objection at city hall.


Timeline of Toronto’s 50 Years of Condominium Growth
Photo credit to:

49,503 units added

Condominium market sank due to the worsening recession in the country. Because of the unsold condo units in Toronto, prices were reduced by more than 30 percent. However, new condos began to shoot back up and built in other parts of the city. Factories were converted and marketed as lofts, while newly constructed condos were designed to mimic lofts.


Timeline of Toronto’s 50 Years of Condominium Growth

103,683 units added

The number of Toronto condo units completed were twice as many during this decade. New hotel-condo construction projects threatened to flood the city with five-star luxury buildings, such as the Ritz-Carlton, Shangri-La, Trump Tower, and the new Four Seasons in Yorkville, which later result in financial problems and lawsuits.


Timeline of Toronto’s 50 Years of Condominium Growth

109,497 units added

During this decade, financial crisis recovered and demand for condominiums resurfaced in the real estate market. However, critics encouraged city planners to urge building developers to focus on creating larger units that can accommodate families with children. In April 2010, the CEO of Royal LePage warned the irrationality in the market because of the 10 percent annual increase in the condo prices. Condo sales outside central Toronto, also known as the 905 suburbs, were breaking records. Despite the government fiddling with the mortgage rules, condominiums remained popular and were selling like hot pancakes.

Buying a condo often means a maintenance-free lifestyle. Many condominiums in the Greater Toronto Area can rely on GTA property management by Vero Property, HighGate Property Investments, and other companies to ensure convenience and delivery of effective community service and financial control that is beneficial to all residents.

Norway Rats: Evolution, History, and Domestication

Norway Rats: Evolution, History, and Domestication

Norway Rats: Evolution, History, and Domestication

Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) are also referred to as “brown rats”, “sewer rats”, and “wharf rats”. They are moderately large, robust, brownish or grayish rodents that can grow up to 40 centimetres long (their tails measuring about 21 centimetres) and weigh up to 500 grams. These rats can burrow 12 to 18 inches underground to make a nest and enter your house in search of food and water.


Norway Rats: Evolution, History, and Domestication

Norway rat ancestors are known to originate in Asia. The first recorded fossil can be traced back about 54 million years ago, at the end of the Paleocene and earliest Eocene in Asia and North America. They are believed to be have descended from rodent-like ancestors known as anagalids, which have given rise to Lagomorpha, or rabbit group.

Present-day Norway rats originated from Murids, which first appeared in the in the late Eocene era, about 34 million years ago.

The genus Rattus (a native to the Mediterranean countries, Middle East, India, Japan, China, and Southeast Asia) evolved within the Murid family dating back 3.5 to 5 or 6 million years ago. After its evolution, there was an intense speciation that occurred in the Rattus genus, the earliest about 2.7 million years ago and the other one about 1.2 million years ago and is still ongoing.

The ancestors of the Rattus norvegicus (Norway rats) and R. rattus (black rats) began to split about two million years ago.


Norway Rats: Evolution, History, and Domestication

  • Asian History of the Norway Rats

While they are called Norway rats, they do not originate from Norway. According to the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, they are a native of Asia, specifically China, Japan, India, and other Indo-Malayan countries.

  • Commensalism with Humans

Commensalism or the association between human and rats was believed to have started thousands of years ago. Both rat species began to take shelter in human homes, buildings, and ships.

  • Arrival in Europe

Although Norway rats are native of Asia, they arrived in Europe via Norwegian ships. However, it was believed that black rats came to Europe before Norway rats, and the latter have arrived several centuries after.

  • Spread beyond Europe

Norway rats were reported to reach North America in 1755 through the ships of the new settlers, while the black rats reached the New World in the 16th century. Today, Norway rats are more common than black rats in both North America and Europe.


Norway Rats: Evolution, History, and Domestication

  • Earliest Captive Rats

During the famine that occurred in the eighteenth and nineteenth century, Norway rats were captured and used as food in Europe. Rat-catchers were also hired to eliminate rats. Captured live rats were also used for rat fights, rat pits, and rat coursing. Wild rats were captured and caged, as well.

  • First Lab Rats

In 1828, rats, particularly the Albino ones, were brought to science laboratories for physiological studies. The first breeding experiments were conducted in the 1870s and 1880s. European-origin white rats were brought to America and became the foundation stock of the American laboratories.

With the increasing population of Norway rats, they have invaded our homes and posed serious health problems to the household members. To prevent potential infestation, hire a professional who offers services in rat removal in East York to check your house, seal possible rat entry points, and eliminate them permanently.

A Short History of Chipboard

A Short History of Chipboard

A Short History of Chipboard
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Chipboard (which can also be described as cardboard), is a thick, paper-based material used for a variety of purposes. It is thicker than regular paper, as well as more rigid and foldable. This makes chipboard a useful material for storage and shipping; they can be folded flat for ease of storage, and made and printed faster than more rigid boxes.

Some other potential uses you can find for chipboard include dividers, displays, book covers, and binder panels. Chipboard also comes in different sizes so you can get sheets in different calliper sizes. This can be achieved with die cutting (by Hammond Paper, Belcorr Packaging Inc., and other chipboard companies).

To understand chipboard properly, it helps to know something of its history; and to do that, we have to take a look at the history of paper. Before the discovery of papermaking, information was written on animal skins, papyrus, or leaves. In roughly 105 A.D., the Chinese developed an early form of papermaking by combining silk, hemp, and tree bark. This combination formed a pulp that could be pressed and dried to make sheets of paper. The knowledge of producing paper eventually spread across Asia and Europe.

A Short History of Chipboard
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For much of history, paper was made by hand. Only with the invention of the printing press in the 15th century did the need for paper explode. At the time, paper was still made using cotton and linen as these were readily available materials.

Modern papermaking can be traced back to the 18th and 19th centuries. In 1719, Rene de Reaumur suggested that wood fibre could be used to produce paper by observing how wasps build their nests. In 1806, Fourdrinier brothers developed a machine that could produce paper in continuous sheets. These discoveries, along with new breakthroughs in pulping technology, made it possible to produce high-quality paper from wood chips.

The first chipboard carton was produced in England, 1817. At first, paperboards were shipped in bulk and sold from barrels in local neighbourhood stores. However, in the 1860s and 1870s recycled paperboard began to be manufactured in mills, allowing for mass production of paperboards and distribution over a wide area. One of the first products to use recycled paperboard was Quaker Oats Oatmeal, which was packaged in 100% recycled paperboard.

A Short History of Chipboard
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The 1860s also saw the development of folding cartons, which could be folded to save space and make transportation easier. Customers could also set up their cartons themselves when they were needed. In 1879, mechanical die cutting and creasing were developed. These developments allow for distinct, durable, and narrow fold lines on paperboard without causing cracking on the folds.

In the 1930s, paper manufacturers began to move away from recycled materials in favour of “virgin” (non-recycled) tree fibre. Initially virgin fibre was used for corrugated boxes, and then for bleached folding carton board in the 1950s. Up to now, virgin and recycled paperboard manufacturers still share the market for paperboard (or chipboard) packaging products.

A Short History of Chipboard

Modern recycled chipboard products include moisture-resistant refrigerated food boxes, crisp pharmaceutical packages featuring sharp type and bright graphics, giving you a large number of possible applications for your chipboards.

A Brief History on How Laser Treatment Changed the World

A Brief History on How Laser Treatment Changed the World

A Brief History on How Laser Treatment Changed the World

There is now a steady influx of laser treatment centres in Toronto and the rest of Canada due to the growing demand for medical and cosmetic procedures through laser technology. Laser technology has become one of the most successful breakthroughs to date because of the impact it has brought to the medical field, especially in providing treatments to several health conditions.

The word laser stands for “light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation,” and laser treatments use focused light tuned to specific wavelengths. This creates the necessary intensity it needs to cut into anything with precision — may it be diamond, steel, hair, or damaged human tissue.

Although relatively more expensive than traditional surgeries or treatments, more patients prefer laser treatment because of its main advantages:

  • the precision it offers damages less surrounding issues, which makes for faster healing time
  • it is a very fast method of treatment; patients experience less pain, swelling, and scarring

Early Beginnings of Laser Technology

A Brief History on How Laser Treatment Changed the World

It was Albert Einstein who explored and first established the theoretical foundations for laser technology in his paper, “On the Quantum Theory of Radiation.” In his theory, which was published in 1916, he described laser as “stimulated emission” in his concept. It was not until decades later that the healing effects of laser were discovered.

In 1954, scientists J.P. Gordon and C.H. Townes at Bell Laboratories started generating the first “stimulated emissions” of microwave radiation (then called MASER). The first laser was built in 1960 by Dr. Theodore Maiman at the Hughes Aircraft Company by using a ruby crystal.

Laser for Medical and Cosmetic Treatments

A Brief History on How Laser Treatment Changed the World

Following Maiman’s successful discovery of the laser, many scientists from the medical field started experimenting on its other possible uses. But it was dermatologist Leon Goldman who made the first breakthrough in 1962, when used laser technology in removing unwanted tattoos. Bell Laboratories developed the first carbon dioxide laser in 1964, which was eventually used for gynaecologic surgery. Then, in 1967, grandfather of laser therapy Endre Mester discovered that lasers can also heal wounds.

This was followed by other discoveries in the 1980s by doctors John Parrish and Rox Anderson. Through their research, they first discovered that laser technology can target specific areas of the skin for treatment, which then would minimize the risk of scarring and damage of surrounding normal tissues. This concept gave birth to the following discoveries:

  • tunable dye laser to remove skin markings
  • Argon laser for ophthalmic use
  • YAG laser for the removal of wrinkles, skin pigmentation, and mild acne scarring
  • MicroLight laser for treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome

Laser treatment boom

A Brief History on How Laser Treatment Changed the World

It wasn’t until the early 2000s that laser therapy became widely recognized and accessible to more patients. This started when the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) started approving cold lasers for therapeutic use. Through cold lasers, surgeons can now treat conditions located in parts below the skin such as ligaments, tendons, and muscles.

In 2006, the FDA cleared the use of high power lasers, which can penetrate much deeper than cold lasers and deliver faster results. Because of this, high power lasers have become the immediate treatment for many musculoskeletal injuries.

In 2011, Canada approved the use of the most powerful lasers at that time, opening a myriad of opportunities for laser treatment centres in Toronto and other parts of Canada. Patients from Canada’s urban hubs were among the first who benefited from laser technology in administering treatments for a number of conditions from shallow cuts and burns to arthritic changes within a joint.

Building Homes through the Ages

Building Homes through the Ages

People have needed shelter for centuries to protect themselves from the weather and animals and to give themselves a place to rest. The basic purpose of a home has not changed much through the centuries, but the materials and methods definitively have.


Early man originally used the environment to provide him with shelter, including trees and caves. Trees provided some cover against the sun and rain and protected man from animals that couldn’t climb trees. Caves were another option for shelter as evidenced by cave paintings made by prehistoric humans who lived there.

People eventually learned how to build their homes out of materials they could find, and with the help of basic tools. These materials included branches, bones, stones, animal hides, etc. The homes people could build now were more stable and comfortable than living in makeshift homes in the environment.

Building Homes through the Ages


People eventually discovered how to make sun dried bricks in Egypt and Mesopotamia. These materials were still perishable, and buildings and homes would often have to be levelled and rebuilt regularly. Sun-dried bricks were improved on by the Assyrians, who discovered that baking bricks in fire would harden them, making them more durable and longer-lasting.

The ancient Greeks made their homes out of stone, and included slanted roofs to let rain and snow slide off more easily. After them, the Romans developed concrete, which let them make durable, long-lasting homes and buildings, some of which are still standing now. They also introduced indoor plumbing and central heating by installing pipes through homes through which hot or cold water could flow.

MedievalBuilding Homes through the Ages

During the medieval period, much of the Romans’ knowledge was lost. This resulted in many homes being constructed with wood. However, new construction techniques were developed at the time such as timber-framing. This consisted of setting tree trunks at the corners and using wooden beams to support the house. Crossbeams were attached to the beams, along with slanting braces to provide more support.

Early Modern

Timber-framing was still used in the Renaissance, such as the Tudor style of architecture. Glass was increasingly used in this period, which changed the design of facades and windows for homes.

During the Industrial period, mass production made it easier to produce materials like brick, wood, and concrete. This made it easier and cheaper to make homes, especially when prefabricated homes could be made quickly and cheaply.


Modern homes can take several different forms, like high-rise condos and production homes. Many contemporary structures feature steel frames and extensive use of glass to make homes larger, more stable, and more airy.

Types of Homes

There are generally two kinds of homes you can make, production or custom.

Building Homes through the Ages

● Production – Production homes are built using a design that has been used multiple times. You usually have a menu of choices, allowing you to select a design that appeals to you. These are also the cheaper option compared to custom homes. However, you will have less of a say in the design of the house and how the work proceeds.

Building Homes through the Ages

● Custom – Custom homes are custom-made to suit the preferences of their residents. This allows you to design the house according to your wants and needs. In Toronto and Markham, custom house builders can make these kinds of homes for you. Custom home building allows you to make a one-of-a-kind house suited to your needs and lifestyle. However, these houses can be quite expensive and time-consuming to make. You will also have to oversee all aspects of the construction as it progresses, which can be very stressful.

A Historical Overview on Air Compressors

A Historical Overview on Air Compressors

A Historical Overview on Air Compressors

Developments in the industrial world will not grow in leaps and bounds without the invention of piston compressors — mechanical devices that use pistons to produce high-pressure and high-temperature gases to equipment so it can perform certain tasks. In recent years, companies like Tooltown, Comairco, and Mac-Air promote piston compressors to clients for several industrial applications. Piston compressors are a result of several breakthroughs in air compressor technology, which dates as far back as ancient Egypt.

The inspiration for the development of the air compressor was the human lung and how it functions. Inventors observed how the human body exhales carbon dioxide and began using their breath to stoke fires.

When the world started needing molten metal for other material needs, inventors around 1500 BC also developed hand-held metal compressors called bellows, which produce concentrated blasts of air that can, in turn, create high-temperature fires.

Though the earliest air compressors were invented during these years, it wasn’t until 1650 when German physicist and engineer, Otto Von Guericke, invented the first vacuum pump. Vacuum pumps can remove gas molecules from sealed containers and leave behind partial vacuum.

Early Air Compressors

A Historical Overview on Air Compressors

In 1762, John Smeaton, an English engineer, introduced a blowing cylinder driven by a water wheel. The efficiency it offers began replacing bellows in popularity. Then, in 1776, John Wilkinson improved Smeaton’s discovery, which led to the development of the first prototype for mechanical compressors — a blasting machine that can produce high amounts of air pressure.

Over the years, more inventors made developments on the prototype, and in 1829, the first compound air compressor, a device that compresses air in successive cylinders, was patented.

Finally, in 1857, more industrial communities saw the benefits of air compressors and started using them for construction work, specifically in creating the Mount Cenis Tunnel in the Swiss Alps. Labours used air compressors on their drilling equipment, allowing the project to complete twice faster than expected.

The use of pneumatic tools was introduced to compressors in 1871. Simon Ingersoll from Ingersoll Rand used pneumatic tubes from a rock drill, where air would flow from one point to another, powering the drill. Another improvement on the compressor was invented in 1872, when water jets were used to cool cylinders. This development stressed the need of controlling the temperature of the air compressor to improve its efficiency.

20th century developments

A Historical Overview on Air Compressors

During the advent of the 20th century, more inventors sought to create improvements on air compressors to make it even more efficient. In 1926, it was A.A. Griffith who first noted that using air foils instead of flat blades would increase the performance of existing compressors. His research included a diagram of a compressor with a second turbine to power a propeller.

One of the leading 20th century companies that made developments on air compressors is Ingersoll Rand. In 1927, it provided air compressors for the construction of Mount Rushmore and supplied air compressors for the first atomic submarine in 1954.

Through the years, more scientific discoveries on improving air compressors continue to advance so that they can be used for more complex construction projects. To date, air compressors have three main categories depending on their design and function:

  • the piston or reciprocating compressor
  • rotary-screw compressor
  • centrifugal compressor

More companies have been providing piston, rotary-screw, and centrifugal compressors to industrial clients that need them.

Overcoming the Misconception about Disability Hiring

Overcoming the Misconception about Disability Hiring

Just like able-bodied individuals, people with disabilities need jobs to sustain their daily basic needs. However, hiring disabled people remains a big concern for some business owners. Misconceptions about disability hiring hinder physically handicapped individuals from having equality in employment. These misconceptions are often the result of the lack of familiarity, interaction, and the generally negative attitude some companies have towards disabled people.

Overcoming the Misconception about Disability Hiring

Here are some common misconceptions of employing people with physical disability and the corresponding facts to dispel these false impressions:

1. Higher Costs – Some employers fear that employing disabled people can cost them a lot of money because they require specialised equipment and costly accommodations. In reality, studies have consistently proved that disabled employees have higher job performance efficiency, are talented, loyal, and creative. While training is necessary, not all disabled individuals require the use of special equipment or machinery.

2. Attendance Issues – Just because a person is in a wheelchair does not necessarily mean they are sickly and will frequently be absent from work. In fact, the opposite is true. According to studies conducted by DuPont, employees with disability have better or similar attendance records as other employees. In fact, disabled employees have an 80% lesser turnover rate because they are likely to stay longer in a job.

3. Higher Accident Rate – A DuPont study showed that physical impairment does not necessarily increase a person’s risk of injury. For more than 18 years, Tim Hortons franchisee Megleen, Inc. has hired over 80 employees and is yet to make an insurance claim for any work-related injury to one of its disabled employees.

Overcoming the Misconception about Disability Hiring

4. Lack of Skills and/or Education – Over the past decade, the number of students with disability has increased by two digits. In 2010 and 2011, Ontario has had more than 43,000 physically disabled students registered in post-secondary education. Rather than making any assumptions about what handicapped people can or cannot do, tapping into their skills increases the diversity in a workplace.

5. Unable to Meet Job Performance Standard – According to a 1990 DuPont survey, 90% of the 811 employees with disability performed better than 95% of employees without disabilities. A similar DuPont study conducted in 1981 showed that 92% of 2,745 handicapped employees had average or better job performance compared to 90% of the able-bodied employees. Both 1981 and 1990 results are comparable to 1973 DuPont job performance survey.

6. Frequent Assistance is Required – Although some people may think that disability may hinder a person from completing his tasks, employees with disability are known to be independent despite the challenges they have. They have learned to live their lives and are able to perform their daily life routine and tasks without depending on other people. Have an honest discussion with them during the interview about the company’s job requirements and whether or not they need any assistance in certain areas of the job.

Overcoming the Misconception about Disability Hiring.jpg4

With the increasing number of people with disability, employers need to accommodate a more diverse workplace where they can tap the undiscovered skills and talents. Accessibility for Ontarians with Disability Act (AODA) intends to identify, eliminate, and prevent any potential barriers that hinder people with disability from enjoying equal employment opportunities and benefits.

Research Paper

5 Terrible Mistakes That Affect the Quality of Your Research Paper

There are good reasons why it takes a long time for someone to write an effective research paper: thorough research, careful revision, and effective proofreading. While you may have written research papers a number of times, it can be easy to fall into some predictable traps or commit the same mistakes from time to time. Familiarising the common pitfalls before you start writing can go a long way. By learning the rules, you drastically reduce the amount of stress and lessen the number of mistakes you can make.

Work your way to making an effective paper by avoiding the following errors.

Research Paper

1.Failure to research before choosing a thesis statement
Let us admit; writing a research paper is one of the most daunting projects in schools. Sometimes, when students are faced with the task of writing a research paper, they may feel overwhelmed and some of them will rush their topic selection without giving enough time to research about it. As a result, they may find themselves unable to focus and connect with their chosen topic. Keep in mind that the strength and quality of your paper depend on the research material. It is critical before making any claims or arguments.

2. Weak thesis statement
No matter what topic you choose for your thesis, your paper should contain a thesis statement that represents a strong representation of your argument. A strong thesis statement is considered to be a crucial element of a successful paper. It should “take a stand” by clearly expressing its main point, paving the way for further discussion. Hence, a strong thesis statement needs to be genuine, interesting, and engages the readers to continue reading.

3. Lack of relevant data and supporting statement
Relevant data and sources are often used to back up the supporting statements in your paper. This is an important part in terms of validating the point of view that you will be using in your thesis statement. The function of good supporting statements is to provide clear clarification on your original thesis statement, which is factual and verifiable.

4. Poor organization
Doing a great research does not guarantee a good research paper, especially when you are not able to organise all your research materials well. Once you have all your research materials, you can use Evernote, a cross-platform application that allows you to take and organize your notes and files so that you can easily access them when you are ready to start writing.

5. Not using the proper structure
If you want to give a good impression, make sure to follow the proper structure of a research paper. No matter how strong your ideas, data, arguments, and findings are, they are of no use when you submit they are not well-structured. Readers may lose interest reading a piece that is hard to read and understand.

Research Paper

Being aware of these common mistakes helps you write a research paper that is well-written and effective. Make sure to give yourself enough time to learn and, if you feel like you’re way in over your head, have Masters Essay guide you in custom research paper writing

6 Ways to Protect Your Car from the Deep Freeze

6 Ways to Protect Your Car from the Deep Freeze

Cars need a little extra time and attention during the colder seasons as the freeze can affect the quality and efficiency of motor parts. Here are some tips to follow to prevent your car from developing any problems in winter.


1.  Inspect Your Defroster

As the temperature drops, the moisture in vehicles condenses, and the windshield and the windows fog, impeding the driver’s vision. Making sure that the defroster is in good working condition at all times lessens condensation problems, reducing possible road accidents.

2. Change Your Heater Coil

With the harsh climates that Canada experiences, it is a must for every vehicle to have a working heater. If your car’s heater is not working at its optimum level, chances are it needs to have its heater coil replaced.

3. Maintain a Half Full Gas Tank

6 Ways to Protect Your Car from the Deep Freeze

The air volume in a gas tank holds moisture that can freeze fuel lines during winter. Keeping your gas tank half full during this season will help prevent it from freezing by restricting the air volume in the tank. This will also give you the extra weight for better traction when driving on icy roads.

4. Shift to a Winter-Weight Oil

Oil tends to thicken in colder temperatures. This limits its ability to effectively lubricate the engine of your car. Check the owner’s manual for the best type of cold weather oil your car needs so you can use a more viscous formula and avoid future engine troubles.

5. Inspect Your Battery


6 Ways to Protect Your Car from the Deep Freeze

Cold weather can affect your car battery, making car battery problems common during the winter months. Although the car battery needs to be changed every three to five years, it needs to be regularly checked and maintained for corroded or tight connections during the colder seasons. Problems with starting the vehicle or stalling are sure signs you need to get the battery checked.

6. Clean Your Headlights

6 Ways to Protect Your Car from the Deep Freeze

Headlights can easily develop a coating of frozen slush when driven in dirty road conditions, just as fluctuations in temperature manifest themselves. To ensure that the driver has a good view of the road at all times, clean your headlights by coating them with car wax and buff away the haze. This will give the headlights a slippery surface that will prevent dirt from sticking to it and blocking the driver’s area of visibility.

To keep your car in tip-top shape and for safer drives, you need to follow these steps, especially since we are slowly entering the colder seasons. But when in doubt, it is best to leave proper checking and maintenance to the pros, like those at Kingsway Transmission.