People have needed shelter for centuries to protect themselves from the weather and animals and to give themselves a place to rest. The basic purpose of a home has not changed much through the centuries, but the materials and methods definitively have.
Early man originally used the environment to provide him with shelter, including trees and caves. Trees provided some cover against the sun and rain and protected man from animals that couldn’t climb trees. Caves were another option for shelter as evidenced by cave paintings made by prehistoric humans who lived there.
People eventually learned how to build their homes out of materials they could find, and with the help of basic tools. These materials included branches, bones, stones, animal hides, etc. The homes people could build now were more stable and comfortable than living in makeshift homes in the environment.
People eventually discovered how to make sun dried bricks in Egypt and Mesopotamia. These materials were still perishable, and buildings and homes would often have to be levelled and rebuilt regularly. Sun-dried bricks were improved on by the Assyrians, who discovered that baking bricks in fire would harden them, making them more durable and longer-lasting.
The ancient Greeks made their homes out of stone, and included slanted roofs to let rain and snow slide off more easily. After them, the Romans developed concrete, which let them make durable, long-lasting homes and buildings, some of which are still standing now. They also introduced indoor plumbing and central heating by installing pipes through homes through which hot or cold water could flow.
During the medieval period, much of the Romans’ knowledge was lost. This resulted in many homes being constructed with wood. However, new construction techniques were developed at the time such as timber-framing. This consisted of setting tree trunks at the corners and using wooden beams to support the house. Crossbeams were attached to the beams, along with slanting braces to provide more support.
Timber-framing was still used in the Renaissance, such as the Tudor style of architecture. Glass was increasingly used in this period, which changed the design of facades and windows for homes.
During the Industrial period, mass production made it easier to produce materials like brick, wood, and concrete. This made it easier and cheaper to make homes, especially when prefabricated homes could be made quickly and cheaply.
Modern homes can take several different forms, like high-rise condos and production homes. Many contemporary structures feature steel frames and extensive use of glass to make homes larger, more stable, and more airy.
Types of Homes
There are generally two kinds of homes you can make, production or custom.
● Production – Production homes are built using a design that has been used multiple times. You usually have a menu of choices, allowing you to select a design that appeals to you. These are also the cheaper option compared to custom homes. However, you will have less of a say in the design of the house and how the work proceeds.
● Custom – Custom homes are custom-made to suit the preferences of their residents. This allows you to design the house according to your wants and needs. In Toronto and Markham, custom house builders can make these kinds of homes for you. Custom home building allows you to make a one-of-a-kind house suited to your needs and lifestyle. However, these houses can be quite expensive and time-consuming to make. You will also have to oversee all aspects of the construction as it progresses, which can be very stressful.